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Could the Palestinian Authority become a full member of the United Nations?

The Palestinian Authority on Tuesday formally asked the United Nations Security Council to reconsider its 2011 request to become a full member of the world body.

Palestinian UN envoy Riyad Mansour told Reuters on Monday that the intention was for the Council to make a decision on the Middle East at a ministerial meeting on April 18. However, the vote has not yet been scheduled.

See below for details on participating in the United Nations:

WHAT IS THE CURRENT STATUS OF THE PALESTINIANS AT THE UN?

The Palestinians participate in the United Nations as a non-member observer state, with the same status as the Holy See.

Made up of 193 nations, the United Nations General Assembly approved in November 2012 the de facto recognition of the sovereign state of Palestine, raising its observer status in the world body from “entity” to “non-member state” – there are There were 138 votes in favour, 9 against and 41 abstentions.

HOW CAN THE UNITED NATIONS ADMIT NEW MEMBER STATES?

Countries seeking to join the United Nations typically submit an application to the organization’s secretary general, who sends it to the 15-member Security Council for consideration and voting.

Mansour sent a letter to UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres on Tuesday requesting that the Security Council review the Palestinian request for full membership made in 2011. Guterres sent the letter to the Security Council, the UN spokesman said , St├ęphane Dujarric.

First, a Council committee evaluates the application to see if it meets the requirements. The request may then be tabled or presented for a formal vote in the Security Council. Approval requires at least nine votes in favor and no vetoes from the United States, Russia, China, France or the United Kingdom.

If the Council approves the membership request, it is forwarded to the General Assembly for voting. The membership request requires a two-thirds majority to be approved by the assembly. A country cannot join the United Nations without the approval of the Security Council and the General Assembly.

WHAT HAPPENED TO THE PALESTINE CLAIM IN 2011?

A UN Security Council committee evaluated the Palestinian application for several weeks to see whether it met the requirements for UN membership, but failed to reach a unanimous position and the Security Council never formally voted a resolution on Palestinian accession.

Diplomats assessed that the Palestinians did not have the minimum nine votes needed for the resolution to be adopted. Even if they got enough support, the United States had already said it would exercise its veto power.

Source: Terra

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